How to Find the Cause of a Noisy Boiler
While it's normal to hear some noise from your boiler, an increasingly noisy boiler is a surefire sign of a problem. If you've noticed new and strange boiler noises, you need to act.
In most cases, a noisy boiler has a fault which must be repaired. Ignore this noise and it could lead to bigger, more expensive problems down the line.
Whatever boiler noise it is that you're hearing, you'll find the possible cause with our guide to boiler noises.
Note: This article is about noisy boilers. If you have a noisy central heating system, e.g. noises from the radiators, pipes, or hot water cylinder, rather than your boiler, take a look at our guide to a noisy central heating system to get you closer to resolving the issue.
Why is my boiler so noisy?
There are a number of reasons boiler noises, and the cause can often be found by the type of noise being made. Take a look at common boiler noises in the table below to identify as it may help you to work what the problem is and will be one step closer to a quieter boiler.
|Type of Noise||Possible Cause||Require an Engineer?|
|Gurgling||Air could be trapped in the system and result in your radiators not heating up properly.||No – bleed your radiators|
|Humming||Likely to be the result of high pressure or the central heating pump being set too high.||Yes|
|Whistling||Normally caused by sludge or limescale building up on the heat exchanger and will require a powerflush to resolve.||Yes|
|Vibrating||The brackets might need tightening, some compartments might be open and need closing or the boiler itself may be shaking.||Yes & No – You can tighten brackets yourself with a screwdriver and close any open compartments, but an engineer will need to secure the unit if the whole boiler is vibrating.|
|Tapping||A poorly fitted or loose component may need to be tightened or sludge has built up in the system (depends where the tapping is coming from).||Yes|
|Banging||Debris building up on the heat exchanger, requiring a powerflush to resolve.||Yes|
|Dripping||A clear indication that there's a leak somewhere within the system. This can often be caused by the pressure being too high or old boiler components wearing down.||Yes|
While you might be able to take care of bleeding radiators or tightening wall brackets, in most cases a noisy boiler needs to be repaired by a Gas Safe heating engineer. Complete our enquiry form to find Gas Safe heating engineers in your area today.
Too much air in the system is the most common cause of a gurgling boiler. It can act as a blockage, preventing the hot water from circulating around the heating system effectively. This will lead to cold radiators so if you've noticed that the rooms in your home aren't heating up properly, as well as gurgling, air in the system is likely to be the cause.
Fortunately, releasing air from the heating system is a fairly straightforward process. All you'll need to do is go around your home bleeding the radiators.
High boiler pressure is likely to be the cause of a humming boiler. Your boiler must be set to an appropriate pressure otherwise it won't be running effectively. Generally speaking, boiler pressure should be at around 1.5bar but you should check the guidelines for your specific boiler. You can check this on your boiler's pressure gauge.
If you find that the boiler pressure is over 2, or in the red zone, then you can relieve this pressure by bleeding the radiators. In the event that the boiler pressure drops too low after bleeding the radiators then it will need to be increased. Follow our guide to increasing boiler pressure.
Should the boiler pressure match the manufacturer's guidelines then the humming could be caused by the pump. The pump pushes the hot water around the heating system so that it can get to the radiators around the home. Multiple speed central heating pumps have 3 speed settings and if yours is set too high then you could have a noisy boiler.
However, before turning the speed setting down, contact the heating engineer who installed your boiler. The pump could be set to high for a reason.
A whistling noise – quite like an old-fashioned kettle boiling – is caused by an issue known as kettling. This is caused by limescale building up on the heat exchanger, the part of the boiler which transfers heat from the gas to the water that will be circulating around the radiators.
This isn't an issue that you can resolve yourself. You'll need a professional heating engineer to perform a powerflush which will clear away all the limescale and other bits of debris.
A more long term solution would be to have a magnetic filter fitted. The magnetic filter will collect any sludge, debris and limescale before it has a chance to build-up. Not only will this help to prevent your heating system from kettling but make it more efficient and extend its life too.
Vibrating noises from a boiler can be hard to pindown. If your boiler was only installed recently then it may have been fitted poorly to the wall. To solve this, the brackets will need to be tightened by a Gas Safe registered engineer.
Alternatively, the vibrations could be caused by loose parts or components that are open and need closing.
If these issues aren't the problem then the central heating pump (that circulates water through the system) might be set too fast for your home.
Similar to vibration noises, tapping boiler noises can be the result of loose or poorly fitted parts. To stop the tapping noise, the part will need to be tightened.
As with many of the noisy boiler sounds, tapping could be caused by a build-up of limescale and sludge on the heat exchanger.
Trapped air is the culprit of many different sounds from noisy boilers and it's no different when it comes to banging noises. You'll be able to free air from your heating system by bleeding the radiators.
Worst case scenario, large bubbles could be popping as a result of the heat exchanger being blocked.
A dripping noise is a surefire sign that there's a leak somewhere around the heating system. You shouldn't ignore even the smallest of leaks. After all, it will only get worse if left.
Have a read through Why Is My Boiler Leaking Water? for more information.
Most common cause of a noisy boiler
Kettling is the most likely cause of a noisy boiler. The noises will resemble the whistling a kettle makes when it's boiling, hence the name.
This is the result of sludge, limescale and other debris building up on the heat exchanger. As we mentioned earlier, one way to resolve this is with a powerflush, that clears out any debris in the system.
However, kettling is something that can be prevented by fitting a magnetic filter to your heating system.
More causes of a noisy boiler
You could have a noisy boiler for a number of reasons – as we've already seen. Here are a few more possible causes of a noisy boiler.
If you can hear a dripping noise coming from your boiler, and the water pressure isn't too high, then the likelihood is that certain components of your boiler are wearing down. This is normally because the boiler has been heating your home for a number of years and might be close to heating its last radiator. At this point, you might want to consider a new boiler rather than just replacing the faulty component.
NEVER ignore even the slightest leak anywhere around your heating system. If left, it will only get worse, potentially causing damage to the heating system and your home.
Thermostat too high
Having your thermostat set too high can cause your boiler to make more noise than normal. This can be easily resolved by turning the thermostat down. However, if you end up having to choose between a warm home or a quiet one then you should contact a Gas Safe registered engineer.
Low water pressure
It's worth checking that your boiler's pressure hasn't dropped too low by looking at the pressure gauge. The needle should be between 1 and 2 bar but check the manufacturer's guidelines for your specific boiler. If the pressure is too low (or even too high) then you will need to repressurise your boiler.
Frozen condensate pipe
Condensate pipes are fitted to condensing boilers and waste acidic water away from the boiler and down a drain. As they're located outside, they can freeze over and lead to your boiler making noise. To resolve the issue, the pipe needs to be thawed which you can do by pouring warm (not boiling) water on the pipe.
Get your noisy boiler fixed today
The quickest and most reliable way to fix your noisy boiler is to hire a professional heating engineer. Here at Boiler Guide, we have a network of fully-qualified heating engineers right across the UK. To get free quotes from up to 3 heating engineers in your area, simply take a moment to complete our online form. You’ll then soon be contacted by heating engineers in your area.
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